The grassing of the vineyard is a practice of cultivation of the land widely used by wineries , not only to save in terms of costs and effort, but also because it contributes to the goodness of the final product: the wine .
This technique consists in the creation of a meadow in the vineyard , formed by the best herbs for this purpose and able to create a biological balance between microorganisms and soil insects. It is also able to reduce the problems that the vine could develop.
In this article we will explain what exactly the vineyard coverings consist of, how you can manage it and what are the pros and cons.
The grassing can be of two types:
- spontaneous , obtained by letting the flora grow in the vine without any human intervention. Spontaneous grassing can however be counterproductive: although the economic expenditure is practically nil, the final result may not correspond to your needs. In fact, spontaneously growing herbs can be competitive with the vine that, remember, must remain your main crop
- artificial , obtained through the sowing of a mixture of four or five species of grasses and a variable percentage of legumes . This solution, more expensive from an economic point of view and required care, allows you to obtain a turf that resists trampling and will then be able to help you in your fight against pests
The importance given to grassing is linked to the way in which this limits the erosion of the steeply sloping land . In fact, in processed soils, atmospheric agents carry finer particles and nutrients down,
impoverishing the higher areas. One of the ways you can prevent your soil from becoming impoverished and eroding is by leaving it grassed, that is, not worked during the autumn and winter. In this way, your land, be it a vine or an orchard, will maintain a constant presence of organic substances.